A joint connects two bones together in the human skeleton system. It articulates bones to allow different types of movement. Joints are soft tissues that allow flexibility in bone movement but with time the ligaments can wear out. Therefore, symptoms are likely to develop from everyday wear and tear, especially, if you’re under nourished. An overwhelming majority of people suffer from joints pain at one time or another. It is important to be aware of any signs of joint pain to treat it promptly without allowing it to get worse.
If joints suffer any damage from injury or disease, it can interfere with proper movement resulting in extreme discomfort, pain and inconvenience. A number of conditions, including osteoarthritis, gout, bursitis, sprains, strains and other injuries can cause pain in joints. Your treatment is prescribed by your medical doctor depending on the condition identified. But there are also ways to check for signs and information regarding your condition online.
Some common signs and symptoms of joint pain are:
- Joint swelling
- Joint tenderness
- Joint redness
- Stiffness in joints
- Reduced range of motion
- Inability to bear weight on joints
- Knee, ankle, shoulder and finger joints pain
Joint Pain Diseases and Injuries That Contribute to Joint Pain
Having mentioned various symptoms, we’ll discuss diseases and injuries that contribute to these symptoms in the following part of this article. We’ll also discuss treatments in order to treat and alleviate these conditions. Osteoarthritis is one of the most common chronic joint conditions. Approximately, 27 million Americans suffer from it. Osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative arthritis, commonly occurs in knees, finger joints, lower back and big toe. It can also occur in any other joint. Cartilage is a layer of sheet that covers the end of each bone. This is to reduce wear and tear effect when bones come into contact. Cartilage serves as a soft cushion like connecting point between bones. In osteoarthritis, this rubbery tissue breaks down causing bones to become directly exposed to each other. These bones then rub against each other roughly causing immense pain. Osteoarthritis can occur at any age but it is most common in people above the age 65. Risk factors include genes, poor health, exhaustive use of joints, obesity, and increasing age. There is no cure to this condition but symptoms can be managed effectively to reduce pain. Treatment includes physical exercise, stretching, weight loss, pain and anti-inflammatory medications, and physical occupational therapy. Home remedies for osteoarthritis include increasing intake of omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin c, vegetables, fruits, nuts, lean meat, eggs and milk. It is best to have a balanced diet, eating healthy foods at all time. Physical exercise is also recommended by doctors. Use hot/cold packs to alleviate pain and have proper sleep. Those who suffer from severe arthritis can undergo knee replacement surgeries in which the damaged part of the knee is replaced with an artificial joint. Knee replacement surgeries are the most common bone surgeries in the US.
Treat Gout for Good
Gout is a most common form of arthritis in men. It is a gush of sudden pain, swelling and stiffness in joints. Unless gout is treated these attacks can occur anytime with frequency. Having too much uric acid in blood causes gout. Those who consume a lot of meat, alcohol and are overweight are most likely to develop this condition. Treating gout is taking preventive measures against it so that it doesn’t lead to damaging joints and kidney tissue. Maintain lower uric acid levels and take medicine prescribed by your doctor. Prescribed medicine usually include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, colchicine and oral corticosteroids. Those who are diagnosed with gout treat their symptoms at home using ice to reduce pain and swelling and to relax the joint. Taking rest is also useful following a gout attack. Avoid pain killers such as aspirin as that can raise uric acid levels.
Stop Bursitis In Its Tracks
Bursitis takes it name after small fluid-filled sacs called ‘bursae’ in our bodies. Bursitis is a condition in which bursae becomes inflamed. This is a cushion which covers joints, tendons and muscles in our bodies. Bursitis commonly occurs in shoulder, elbow and hip. It is can also occur in knees and other joints. Common causes of bursitis include excessive use of a joint, and utilizing one position most of the time. Basket ball players who lift their arms, and shake their heads are more likely to develop bursitis than regular people. Those who partake in tasks that involve constant kneeling down are also at the risk of developing bursitis. Symptoms to watch out for are swelling, redness or tenderness in joints. If you experience shooting pain, inability to move, or a fever set up an appointment with your doctor for medical diagnoses. Treating bursitis basically includes medications, physical therapy, support devices and in rare cases surgery. However, most people opt to treat their conditions at home.