Cancer is responsible for taking so many lives today. As every single day passes by, the number of cancer patients continues to increase. According to research that has been conducted by experts, the growing number of cancer cases can be attributed to the current lifestyles that people have adopted over the years.
With these developments, many people are interested in finding the best possible ways of treating cancer illnesses. This article discusses the most effective options that are available for cancer treatment.
How Doctors Conduct Cancer Treatments
Different ways are used to treat cancer. However, in most cases, the options are similar and depend largely on the stage and type of cancer involved. Doctors also consider the side effects that may follow as well as the preference of the patient. In most cases, doctors form a specific team to administer cancer care to a patient. The team is responsible for coming up with the best treatment plan for the cancer patient. The selected team that is responsible for cancer care include physician assistants, social workers, oncology nurses, pharmacists, dietitians, and counselors. These doctors take the patient through the treatment process to ensure they understand all the steps clearly. The patient is also entitled to knowledge concerning the side effects that may occur as a result of the cancer treatment and they are allowed to ask any question regarding the plan. Each part of the plan has a goal that the doctor is supposed to discuss with the patient before administering it. These procedures aim at ensuring the patient receives the best medication possible and isn’t overwhelmed by the process. The cancer types that have been found to be common include breast cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, bone cancer, cervical cancer and esophageal cancer. These cancers are treated effectively in the different methods that are discussed below. Some may require one method while others may call for the use of more than one option.
Cancer Treatment Options
The effective options for cancer care involve chemotherapy, surgery, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, hormone therapy, stem-cell transplant and use of precision medicine. Most of these methods, if administered during the right stage and time, have proved to be effective allowing the patient to recover fully. Surgery as one of the options involves the removal of body tissues that contain cancerous cells. It is considered to be the oldest method used in cancer therapy. Radiation therapy uses x-rays of high energy as well as other particles to destroy cancer cells. Stem-cell transplantation, which is also known as bone marrow transplantation is another procedure used to treat cancer. For this one, the bone marrow that is diseased is replaced with stem cells that are highly specialized so that they can develop into a new bone marrow that is healthy and functional. Targeted therapies, which some doctors may refer as personalized therapies, involve targeting of the specific genes, proteins or the tissue environment that appear to be facilitating the development of cancer. Integrative medicine is a term that describes another method which includes a combination of cancer medications together with complementary therapies that help a person’s body to cope with side effects and symptoms of the medication. The complementary therapies may be at times referred to as integrative medicine. On the other hand, immunotherapy which uses the body’s immune system to battle cancer offers another way to defeat cancer. The method calls for the use of vaccines to strengthen the immune system in such a way that it is strong enough to fight cancer.
Chemotherapy Should be The Last Resort
Lastly, there is chemotherapy, which is commonly used today. It encompasses the use of anti-cancer medicine to kill the cancer cells in a body. There have been concerns about the effectiveness of the method due to its inability to draw a line between the cancerous cells and the other ones. However, it is done in cycles to give the healthy cells a chance to heal. All these methods are very effective in fighting cancer.