Anxiety Disorders: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment Methods Explained

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This disorder is how a person reacts to the feeling of danger, stress, or unfamiliar situations. That is considered the “normal” feeling of being anxious that most of the world feels. A patient that has this disorder says it is something that is always inside of you, makes you uncomfortable when others are comfortable, and it makes them feel numb. They cannot control it on their own.

Anxiety disorders are different from “normal” feelings of being anxious. People that have this disorder can have trouble sleeping, concentrating, or going out of their home. They feel as if they have no control over their feelings and may have physical symptoms like headaches, nausea, or trembling. People that have this disorder are not alone. It is the most popular mental disorder in the United States with over forty million adults being diagnosed with this disorder. Eighteen percent of the population has this disorder.

Potential Causes of Anxiety

This disorder has many causes. They include past or childhood experiences, a person’s everyday life habits, a person’s diet, a person’s physical and mental health, drugs or a medicine that a person is taking, and genetics. Past or childhood experiences can cause anxiety. If a person had a distressing experience early in life, they may have anxious feelings about similar situations later in life that bring on the same distressing feelings. Feeling anxious could have been learned early in life. Everyday life and habits could also contribute to cause people to feel anxious. They include being overly tired, being very stressed, working a lot of hours, the pressure at home, work, or school, housing problems, and financial issues. Drinking caffeine, consuming large quantities of sugar, and not eating right, in general, can bring on feelings that are like being anxious and can symptoms of being anxious to happen.

Drugs and Medication for Anxiety

If a person is taking medicine, street drugs, or is drinking alcohol, they are known to affect their mental health. Psychiatric medications used for the treatment of mental health issues that are prescribed by a doctor and certain medications that are used for the treatment of other diseases like steroids or anti-malaria medication can make a person feel anxious. Street drugs or alcohol can also affect a person’s mental health and make them feel anxious.

How to Treat Disorders That Make People Feel Anxious

Self-Treatment- Anxiety disorders have a lot of treatments. Self-treatment is one of them. A person can help treat their feelings of anxiousness by learning to manage stress in their lives and learn relaxation methods and mediation. Another treatment for this disorder is to practice deep abdominal breathing. They can also write down their negative thoughts and replace them with positive ones, picture themselves overcoming fears, talk to supportive people, exercise, take long warm baths, and rest in a dark room.

Counseling- Psychological counseling, like cognitive-based therapy, psychotherapy, and other kinds of therapy can help people that constantly feel anxious. Cognitive-based therapy helps a patient recognize and change that are associated with the anxious feelings and troublesome feelings. Psychotherapy is meeting with a licensed mental health professional like psychiatrists, social workers, psychologists, or other counselors. The mental health professional can help them find why they are feeling anxious and how they can cope with the symptoms.

Medicines to Treat Anxious Feelings- There are a lot of medications that can be used to treat people that feel anxious a lot. If the feelings of anxiousness come from a physical problem, then medical care will be performed by a doctor to fix the problem. Regularly, medications like antidepressants, benzodiazepines, tricyclics, and beta-blockers are used to control the mental and physical symptoms that come with anxiety disorders.Their use has declined due to patients being considered about dependency. The only other symptom of these medications is drowsiness and the medications include Ativan, Valium, Xanax, and Klonopin. Medications like Zoloft, Paxil, Prozac, Lexapro, Celexa, and Effexor also help with anxious feelings. This information is very helpful for people that feel anxious. You know how what this disorder is, what causes it, and how to treat. Knowledge is power, and this information will help you power through dealing with this disorder.