In order to hope reverse diabetes, we must first get firm control over sugar levels. No one can seriously talk about diabetes or to reverse it without first talking about blood sugar levels. And this conversation starts with HbA1c and glucose level testing, there are two tests that are going to tell you what the blood glucose level is.
HbA1c tests are usually done at three, six and twelve-month intervals. The tests should reveal how good of a job a person is doing in controlling blood glucose levels. The target number you should be looking for in an HbA1c test should be 6.5% or less. If it is slightly above this, then it can be brought down with moderate exercise and diet changes.
Blood Glucose Testing
In order to get a complete picture, you need to do a glucose level testing along with the HbA1c test. HbA1c is more about a general picture of the state of your blood sugar level, whereas glucose testing goes more into the details. The target range for the right amount of glucose levels is between 4 and 7 mmol/I before meals and no more than 8.5 mmol/I two hours after eating a meal.
Most Common Diabetic Medication
The most common medicine given to diabetics would be insulin. Both, type 1 and 2 diabetics can be given insulin. Insulins come in different varieties, and each one is given according to the need of the patient. The different types are Short acting, Rapid Acting, Long Acting, Intermediate acting and combination insulins. Other common medications include Biguanides, alpha- glucosidase inhibitors, and DPP-4 Inhibitors. All of these are prescription based, which means a doctors prescription will be needed to take medicine. There will be a temptation for reversing diabetes through medication. But diabetes should be controlled as much as possible with healthy lifestyle.
Dietary Changes; The Bad
Not surprisingly food high in sugars, especially refined sugars are some of the main culprits. This even includes foods such as fruit juice. Even natural sugars such as molasses and honey can cause a big spike in sugar levels. The trick is to use sugar alternatives that have a low glycemic index to keep things under control. They may not taste as good but can keep things under control. The next item on the list is grains. The thing to do is to avoid anything with high gluten amounts such as wheat. What many dieticians recommend is to stop grain consumption of all types for a few months, then slowly introduce ancient grains to the body. Other products to avoid are as follows:
• Alcohol, especially beer
• Cow’s milk, especially for those with type 1
• Hydrogenated or processed oils of any type
Dietary Changes: The Good
One of the first things to do is to include food high in fiber. The fact is, most people do not include foods high in fiber such as vegetables such as Brussel sprouts and peas. Other foods that contain high amounts of fiber would be berries, nuts, and seeds. The aim here is to get at least 35 grams of fiber a day. Eating foods with high levels of magnesium and chromium is god too. Examples would be broccoli, beef, yogurt, black beans, cheese, and spinach. Protein rich foods need to be eaten also. Wild fish, lentils, garbanzo beans and chicken are excellent sources of clean protein.
The Diabetic Epidemic
In the US, nearly 10% of the adult population suffers from this disease and mainly type 2 variety. It is also estimated that over 7 million people have it and they don’t know it. These are big numbers indeed, especially for a disease that can have serious consequences, when not treated. The good news in all this is that it can be controlled and even reversed. The cause of this disease is several, therefore tackling it will also be a multi pronged process. The most common causes behind type 2, which is by far the most common one are obesity, sedate life style, stress, genetic reasons, and hormonal issues. The following are some steps that can be done for reversing diabetes.